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home gardening pdf | Bread Market Cafe

home gardening pdf

home gardening pdf

Keep all of your garden’s space fully occupied throughout the growing season. Fall preparations will ensure proper soil conditions for early spring planting. Injuries weaken the plant, cause wounds for disease attack and reduce future yields. Weeds compete for moisture and fertilizer, and must be controlled by cultivating, mulching or using herbicides. Plant tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and okra after all danger of frost has passed. The crimson clover seed may be mixed with turnip seed; it will not interfere with the turnips and will make good spring growth after the turnips are used. When the plants are well-established, thin out extra ones so they will not be crowded. Fertilizer may be applied several ways: (1) broadcast all of the fertilizer and work it into the soil prior to planting (this is inefficient for most gardeners); (2) broadcast one-half prior to planting and apply the remainder in 3-inch bands to either side of the row and slightly below the seed level; or (3) apply one-third to one-half of the fertilizer in 3-inch bands (as in number 2) at planting and apply the remainder in two or three sidedressings at two- to three-week intervals after the plants are well established. Access to water. Mulch will block the sunlight and the soil will remain cool and retard early plant growth. Vegetables grow very poorly in more acid soil with a pH of 4.5 to 5.5. 0000002324 00000 n Collards may be harvested by cutting the whole plant or by “cropping” individual leaves. If the seed are sown in a small container, the seedlings can be transplanted to peat pots, plant bands or other suitable containers and grown in these until transplanted in the garden. Turnips and rutabagas, unless kept thoroughly covered with sand, give off odors that might be transmitted to the house. Too much may injure or kill the desired crop while too little won’t kill anything. It is best to plant the seed indoors six weeks before you will be able to set out plants for the spring crop. |, An Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action, Veteran, Disability Institution, County and Club Meetings, Environmental Education, Livestock Programs, Project Achievement, Summer Camp, Aquaculture, Beef, Bees, Dairy, Equine, Small Ruminants, Poultry & Eggs, Swine, Invasive Species, Pollution Prevention, Forestry, Water & Drought, Weather & Climate, Wildlife, Adult & Family Development, Infant, Child and Teen Development, Money, Housing & Home Environment, Corn, Cotton, Forages, Hemp, Peanuts, Small Grains, Soybeans, Tobacco, Turfgrass, Food Preservation, Commercial & Home Food Safety, Food Science & Manufacturing, Nutrition and Health, Blueberries, Grapes, Ornamental Horticulture, Onions, Peaches, Pecans, Small Fruits, Vegetables, Home Gardens, Lawn Care, Ornamentals, Landscaping, Animal Diseases and Parasites, Ants, Termites, Lice, and Other Pests, Nuisance Animals, Plant Pest and Disease Management, Weeds. Select cucumber varieties according to use. A tiller can also be run down rows shallowly to cultivate weeds. If you plan to can or freeze surplus produce, be sure to choose varieties that process well. Others may do well in both areas. A drill is a single row of plants spaced more-or-less evenly. For information or the status on programs, contact your local Extension office by email or phone. Cheap or bargain seed may be a definite liability since they can cause a garden failure due to poor germination, impure seed or mixed varieties. Most vegetables that cannot be stored for prolonged periods may be preserved for future use by canning or freezing. Sidedressing refers to the practice of placing fertilizer in the soil beside your plants to provide additional plant food, which is usually needed during the growing season. For information on canning or freezing vegetables, contact your county Extension office by calling 1-800-ASK-UGA1. Even with seed that have a high percentage of germination, there will be some that won’t sprout. If a heavy growth of a cover crop is turned under prior to planting in the spring, it is best apply some form of nitrogen such as nitrate of soda, ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate. They may be direct-seeded and thinned to the desired spacing or plants may be set out. Plan your garden during the winter months and place your seed order early so there will be no delay in getting the seed you want. Check the chart below for recommended row widths, spacings and planting depths. Prepare the soil correctly and a planting will be productive for years. 0000030106 00000 n Make sure the kind, variety, percentage of germination and date of testing are marked on each package. Discard all infected, weak or damaged plants. Remove all shoots during the cutting season in subsequent years. Cucumbers, cantaloupes, pumpkins, squash, watermelons and gourds bear male and female flowers on each plant. Mulches and organic matter will improve the soil’s moisture-holding capacity and reduce evaporation loss; however, they will not guarantee an ample supply of moisture at all times. Set out only healthy, disease-free plants, and transplant them immediately after they are pulled from the plant bed. FAO Coordinator- Sub-Regional Coordinator for the Caribbean . Large hedges, hedgerows and trees not only create too much shade, but they also compete with the garden for moisture and nutrients. The mulch prevents packing of the soil around the seeds when they are watered and protects the young seedlings when they first emerge. 0000002609 00000 n Do not save seed from hybrid plants. 2.2 What you need to build a vegetable garden 10 2.3 Tools and basic equipment 11 2.4Seeds 13 2.5 Good soil 14 3. However gardening organically in your home garden in Kentucky is just as easy as gardening using “conventional” techniques … All of these notes will help you plan next year’s garden a little more efficiently. Manual “A Vegetable Garden for All” 5th Edition. 0000018689 00000 n Most vegetables need full sunlight for growth and development. Successive plantings can be made for several weeks to prolong the harvest season. There is no need for deep cultivation, which often causes more moisture loss, cuts roots and requires more labor. FAO Consultant. Open a furrow 14 inches deep and 18 inches wide. Sprinkle fertilizer uniformly into this furrow — usually 200 to 300 pounds per acre are required (see fertilizer table below) -- and then cover the fertilizer by pulling an inch or two of soil into the furrow. 0000001798 00000 n The final intended use may influence which variety you choose. The microclimate (“climate” of the plant’s immediate vicinity) may also affect the success of a particular variety. While the techniques used in homestead gardening are designed to enhance moisture retention in the soil, water is still a vital ingredient of any garden. Make new plantings in July, August and September to enjoy fresh vegetables well into the fall months. See your county Extension agent for information on home composting. 0000009896 00000 n It takes about four to six weeks to grow plants. Keep moisture levels fairly uniform (not too wet or too dry), and use a nitrate source of nitrogen. You can increase earliness, economize on space and lengthen the growing season of many crops by setting out plants instead of sowing the seed directly in the garden. Cover the crowns with 3 inches of topsoil. The quality of some products such as green beans deteriorates rapidly after harvest unless the pods are kept cool. Other varieties are indeterminate, which means they can continue producing over a period of time if the plants are properly cared for and the fruit is harvested as it matures. Can, freeze or store some produce for later use. See University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Circular 943, “Vegetable Garden Calendar,” for more information. Vermiculite, sphagnum moss, peat moss, sand or soil are commonly used to make the medium.

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