Transaction standards for electronic communication and shipping notification. Shadow board: Precision: The award is managed by the U.S. Commerce Department National Institute of Standards and Technology and administered by ASQ. JISQ 9100: Multivariate control chart: Reviewed by: Michelle Seidel, B.Sc., LL.B., MBA. Arrow diagram: Quincunxes are often used in classrooms to simulate a manufacturing process. Ethics: American National Standards Institute (ANSI): A cooperative organization of accreditation bodies. The products, services and material obtained from suppliers to produce the outputs delivered to customers. Matrix: New! Value engineering: A source of materials, service or information input provided to a process. She is the nonprofit founder and executive director of Love Powered Life, as well as a Certified Trauma Recovery Coach, certified HRV biofeedback practitioner and freelance writer who has written for publications like Working Mother, the San Francisco Chronicle, the Houston Chronicle and Our Everyday Life. Computer scientist Ian Sommerville defines SQM as comprising three “layers.” Software Quality Assurance (QA) is the first layer. See “process kaizen.”. Two terms that have many interpretations because of the multiple definitions for the words “assurance” and “control.” For example, “assurance” can mean the act of giving confidence, the state of being certain or the act of making certain; “control” can mean an evaluation to indicate needed corrective responses, the act of guiding or the state of a process in which the variability is attributable to a constant system of chance causes. Taiichi Ohno originally enumerated seven wastes (muda) and later added underutilized people as the eighth waste commonly found in physical production. Batch and queue: Load-load: Defect: Software quality assurance (SQA): A SMART matrix is a communication and planning tool used to identify the specifics of actions or tasks. Certified quality improvement associate (CQIA): All high probabilities, most likely, are intolerable, and the condition generating the high probability should be set right. A graphical tool for ranking causes from most significant to least significant. A customer part qualification process for purchased parts or materials that are to be used in the customer’s final product. ISO 9001: Generally used to improve the understanding of the process to determine methods to correct, control or improve the process’ effectiveness and efficiency. A term used to describe the quality level received by a customer when a product or service meets expectations. Myers-Briggs type indicator (MBTI): Work in process: In countries outside the United States, this generally is known as certification. Variable data: Note: The criteria for determining when quality is “sufficiently good” must be defined in objective terms for any given inspection system. Quality Assurance (QA) focuses on the processes utilized in the project efficiently to generate quality project deliverables. Quality engineering: A nonconformance identified by a source outside of the producing organization. Funnel experiment: It may be useful for somewhat technical problems if an attempt is made to classify responses in a manner that will lead to other ideas. There have been numerous SQA strategies. What is quality assurance and why do you need a QA program? The state of being free from harm or danger. Production smoothing: HACCP regulations for various sectors are established by the Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration. See “cost of quality.”. The reduction of die setup to a single step. A study of the inputs, steps and outputs of a process. Standardization: Value stream loops: "Conformance to ISO 9000 is said to guarantee that a company delivers quality products and services." A specific plan that indicates the sampling sizes and associated acceptance or nonacceptance criteria to be used. This includes voice of the customer, value stream mapping, process mapping, capability analysis, Pareto charts, root cause analysis, failure mode and effects analysis, control plans, statistical process control, 5S, mistake proofing and design of experiments. Any design, scheduling or production technology with scale requirements that call for designs, orders and products to be brought to the machine to wait in line for processing. Expressed in percentage defective, the poorest quality in an individual lot that should be accepted.
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