Could these be young avocado trees? Grafting avocado trees is not easy, but you can grow plants from seeds. Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. Prune when the tree is producing fruit, or shortly after, in order to avoid cutting out fruiting branches.  The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) wide. Springer, Cham, 2018. Grown in the right conditions, and properly cared for, a Wurtz avocado tree will do well in mild-winter areas of California. Wurtz AvocadoPersea americana "Wurtz"Help Desk Response: Thank you for contacting the UC Master Gardener Program Help Desk about planting an avocado tree. Updated Version of 12/24/18 blog to correct errorsAdvice for the Home Gardener from the Help DeskUC Master Gardener Program of Contra Costa County Client's Request: I would like to plant an avocado tree that has the following specifications: I live in West County where it is cool and foggy and I want a dwarf tree that is self-pollinating.  The oldest discovery of an avocado pit comes from Coxcatlan Cave, dating from around 9,000 to 10,000 years ago. Other major producers were Dominican Republic, Peru, Indonesia, and Colombia, together producing 30% of the world total (table). Science 215, no.  In some cases, avocados can be left on the tree for several months, which is an advantage to commercial growers who seek the greatest return for their crop, but if the fruit remains unpicked for too long, it falls to the ground. , The earliest known written account of the avocado in Europe is that of Martín Fernández de Enciso (circa 1470–1528) in 1519 in his book, Suma De Geographia Que Trata De Todas Las Partidas Y Provincias Del Mundo.  The avocado fruit is a climacteric, single-seeded berry, due to the imperceptible endocarp covering the seed, rather than a drupe. The fruit is sometimes called an avocado pear or alligator pear (due to its shape and the rough green skin of some cultivars). Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter. In Ethiopia, avocados are made into juice by mixing them with sugar and milk or water, usually served with Vimto and a slice of lemon. You also asked how far apart to plant the two trees. In fact, there was a surge in demand causing prices to rise as well.. A ripe avocado yields to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed. Chocolate syrup is sometimes added. Avocado can be combined with eggs (in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes), and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi ("maki", or rolled sushi). Silver has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism with an English minor from The Ohio State University. About wind in particular, avocados don’t appreciate strong, dry wind, as I see in my own yard whenever the Santa Anas burn through. In the United Kingdom, the avocado became available during the 1960s when introduced by Sainsbury's under the name 'avocado pear'. Avocado trees are thick-foliage evergreens that grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. The avocado is common in vegetarian cuisine as a substitute for meats in sandwiches and salads because of its high fat content. Do avocado trees ever have thorns? Originating as a diminutive in Australian English, a clipped form, avo, has since become a common colloquialism in South Africa and the United Kingdom. The pit is placed in a jar or vase containing tepid water. , Indoors, an avocado tree is usually grown from the pit of an avocado fruit. , The native, undomesticated variety is known as a criollo, and is small, with dark black skin, and contains a large seed. Avocado trees produce small, medium and large fruits that, depending on the variety, are ready to harvest in spring, summer, fall and winter. Teri Silver began a career in 1984 as a news, sports and feature writer/reporter, anchor, editor, producer and program host for central Ohio radio and television stations.  In Brazil, Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia, a dessert drink is made with sugar, milk or water, and pureed avocado. Avocados are tasty additions to the garden, but there are many pests and diseases of an avocado tree that you should be aware of before planting. B varieties open as female on the afternoon of the first day, close in late afternoon and reopen as male the following morning. , After the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect in 1994, Mexico tried exporting avocados to the US. “Pinkerton” avocados are long and pear-shaped. Avocado trees planted from seeds take five to 15 years before they flower and fruit. , In addition to the fruit, the leaves of Mexican avocados (Persea americana var.  A water jar shaped like an avocado, dating to AD 900, was discovered in the pre-Incan city of Chan Chan. Purchasing a grafted tree from a nursery is the easiest way for the home gardener to have a fruit-bearing tree. Here is a link that provides information on avocado tree flowering behavior: http://ucavo.ucr.edu/Flowering/FloweringBasics.html In general, avocado trees do best at moderately warm temperatures (60‒85 degrees F.) with moderate humidity. Historically attested varieties (which may or may not survive among horticulturists) include the 'Challenge', 'Dickinson', 'Kist', 'Queen', 'Rey', 'Royal', 'Sharpless', and 'Taft'. This is often done by removing the pit from a ripe, unrefrigerated avocado fruit. The avocado fruit is poisonous to some birds, and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) lists it as toxic to horses. The method, now an industry standard, allows markets to sell fruit that is ready to eat or close to it", "Avocado Growing in the Florida Home Landscape", "Development of Seeded and Seedless Avocado Fruit", "Progress Report on Effects of Plant Growth Regulator Sprays on Avocados", "Diseases of Avocado (Persea americana Miller)", "2001-2013 World avocado production, 2000-2011 World Avocado Exports,2002-2013 French avocado imports", "Crops/World regions/Production quantity (pick lists) of avocados for 2017", "Templarios ganan 2,000 mdp al año extorsionando a aguacateros en Michoacán", "California State Foods Named By Gavin Newsom", "Peru: Record avocado production saturated the markets in 2014", "Peru jumps to No.2 avocado exporter to the U.S.", "Avocado Tree's Demise Is the Pits for Growers; Fitting farewell sought for 'mother'", The holy grail of avocados - stoneless - hits shops for a limited time only, "Mexico praises lifting of last U.S. avocado import barriers", "The productivity connection behind openness", "Coronavirus Commodities: Avocado Diets (Prices) Climb, Pork Is Out", https://www.avoseedo.com/around-the-world-culinary-tour-with-avocados/, "Eat this!
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