Additionally, in other contexts,... ¡Hola! While the largest percentage of the words ending in -a are feminine, there are still more than 1000 words that end in -a that are masculine. Un and Una represent 'a' The car.... el carro. Un, una, unos, and unas are all Spanish indefinite articles. I think I have one, ¿Quiere un boleto a Madrid? Usually if the word in spanish ends with an 'a' it is a femenine word so it would be 'una' or 'la' ---- if it ends with an 'o' it would be a masculine word so it woud be 'un' or 'el' el auto, la camisa, la novia, un novio, una novia, una cucharada, un … un/una are indefinite articles that mean a or an. Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. Although they don't have an exact English equivalent, they are usually translated as "some" or "a few". You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. If one is used before a number, it usually means "about" or " approximately ." When you learn a noun, learn the gender as already stated, la or una flor, el or un elefante, etc. If you listen to oldies music, you may recall one of the sentences of a popular Spanish-language dance tune: Yo no soy marinero, soy capitán, soy capitán. The numbers mil (1,000) and cien (100) do not need the article. That MAY explain why a chair is feminine (una silla) while the armchair (un sillón) is masculine (An armchair is bigger and heavier than a chair). 1/40. Nouns that end in d, z or ión are usually feminine. Since these words follow different grammatical rules, ‘un’ and ‘uno’ are not interchangeable and, on top of this, each of these words has different uses in Spanish that the other one doesn’t have. However, when talking about their friends, native speakers don’t use these expressions as a way to criticise, they rather use them with some affection and as a way to have fun. We also discussed that this word is used to talk about non-specific things. Note the distinction in these sentences: Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. In the previous examples the characteristics that are being intensified are negative. Thanks. Before masculine plural nouns → use unos. Without the second un, the phrase would be understood as referring to one creature, a cross between a cat and dog. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish for saying what someone’s job is. Additionally, un and uno also have other meanings that we will discuss in the following sections. That means we use it alongside masculine, singular nouns. Spanish has four definite articles(el, la, los, las). Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, The definite article: el, la, los and las, The indefinite article: un, una, unos and unas, Comparatives and superlatives of adjectives, In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine – this is called their. ), there's no need to put anything between the que and the following noun. What if it is one of the vowels that I just listed but it is not accented, is it considered masculine or feminine? In this context, the gender of the person saying the expression determines whether you use ‘uno’ or ‘una. Definite articles are used to indicate specific items. The word meaning "one" ("uno / una / unos / unas") is an adjective that is used before a noun (as opposed to adjectives like "dulce" which are used after a noun). That MAY explain why a chair is feminine (una silla) while the armchair (un sillón) is masculine (An armchair is bigger and heavier than a chair). Remember that the purpose of using ‘uno’ and ‘una’ as pronouns is to avoid being repetitive and to speed up our conversations. Although English requires the word "a" before "mariner" and "captain," Spanish doesn't require an equivalent word, which in this case would be un. The article doesnt mention them. Unos gatos> some male cats. Be aware that in this context, there’s no direct translation for ‘unos’ and ‘unas’; however, they may be considered synonyms of ‘so’ or ‘very’. You use "un" with masculine words and "una" with feminine words. Use unos for plural, masculine nouns. = A cup is blue. Learn about indefinite articles in Spanish with fun practice quizzes. Otro/otra stands by itself. La silla es roja. (I am looking for the two books.) El libro es anaranjado.
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